chapter  5
GIS, Environmental Equity Analysis, and the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP)
ByDaniel Sui
Pages 14

The issue of environmental equity - whether minorities and low income communities across the United States share a disproportionate burden of environmental hazards - has attracted intensive interdisciplinary research efforts in recent years (Bowen et al., 1995; Cutter, 1995). Because of the increasing availability and easy access to several national spatial databases, such as the US EPA's toxic release inventory (TRI) database and Census Bureau's TIGER files, GIS technology has been widely used in environmental equity analysis during the past five years (Burke, 1993; Chakraborty and Armstrong, 1994; Lowry et al., 1995).