chapter  4
30 Pages

Text Modeling for International Politics: A Tourist’s Guide to RELATUS 1

WithHayward R. Alker, Gavan Duffy, Roger Hurwitz, John C. Mallery

In order to turn input text into RELATUS "text models," one must rewrite them into "literal and explicit" English and supplement each simplified, reformulated text with background texts containing culturally general or individually specific knowledge and beliefs. RELATUS is designed to simulate the role in interpretation of the "prejudicial horizons" of background knowledge, and the intentional, instrumental, and expressive, situation-constituting capacities of particular social actors. RELATUS-based research is a methodological effort to respond to the historically and interpretively reflective aspects of creativity, often neglected by other social scientific research approaches. RELATUS achieves domain-independent natural language processing with a bottom-up strategy that builds text models from syntactic analysis, logical form construction, and an indexically complete reference system. Experiments with analogical/precedential retrieval and inference are one of several additional modes of analysis under investigation, of special relevance to Haas's international conflict management research program.