People, Patches, and Politics: Considering the Human Dimension in Landscape Management
This chapter explores the human dimension and its relationship to biological and physical characteristics of land-use management, discussing management strategies that recognize each of the important management dimensions. Landscape ecology, conservation biology, and restoration ecology are new ways of considering public and private land-management. Landscape management's spatial focus expands the concerns over habitat quantity and quality to consider habitat configuration. At the international or global level, the management strategy must focus on drawing together national jurisdictions. Biological resource managers at all levels will need to overcome traditional biases that focus on a species-orientation and exclusively on biological and physical rather than social dimensions. Human attitudes, values, and behaviors toward biological resources will influence management success at every geographic level. Land-use management practitioners, students, and educators must develop specific indicators of desirable human behavioral and institutional change and appropriate measures of biological integrity or success.