chapter  1
12 Pages

Definition, classification and scoring of disasters

WithJan de Boer

Man’s experience down through the ages has frequently been attended by disasters of one kind or another. Disaster medicine studies the medical and organisational problems of disasters. The foundation of any science is definition, classification and measurement, and if disaster medicine is to grow and progress, it also must have a consistent and recognised definition, classification, and measurement of disasters. From a medical point of view, a disaster can be defined as a destructive event that causes so many casualties that a discrepancy occurs between their number and treatment capacity. Progressive medical care of disaster casualties is a concept of aid appropriate to the needs of the individual at any given time, beginning at the disaster site and continuing through the transportation and distribution phase to the period of definitive therapy in hospital. The proposed methodology will be of practical importance when handling disaster situations.