chapter  13
Ethics in critical care medicine
ByRobert Winter
Pages 6

This chapter will attempt to introduce the reader to the basic

principles of medical ethics, address the topic of futility, and

lead on to cover the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment,

and withdrawal vs withholding treatment. Four basic prin-

ciples are said to govern ethical medical practice:

The two main basic ethical theories relevant to medical

practice are consequence based (utilitarian) and duty based

(Kantian, based on the writings of Immanuel Kant

(1724-1804)). Other theories include rights-based, commu-

nity-based and care-based theories.