chapter  11
16 Pages

Applying Point Spectroscopy Data to Characterize Sand Properties

WithMolly E. Smith, Donna Selch, Caiyun Zhang

Sand is a grouping of unconsolidated rock and mineral particles, typically sourced from the weathering of a host rock. Quartz is most resistant to the forces of erosion and abrasion in coastal environments, meaning that heavy mineral is more commonly found in sands, and depending on chemical composition, typically will give sand lighter coloration where it appears in sufficient quantities. This chapter aims to evaluate whether spectroscopy techniques can be used to characterize sand properties using qualitative and quantitative methods by combining the geological/microscopic and remote sensing spectroscopy techniques. Geologists normally collect sand information using the microscopic and sieving techniques in which a set of sand attributes. Sand composition is not independent from its color. Sand color generally is determined by its composition and particularly mineral content. A spectroscopic technique is an attractive tool compared to or used in tangent with traditional sand analysis methods.