chapter  21
66 Pages

Bridge Engineering in Indonesia .............................................................................. Wiryanto Dewobroto, Lanny Hidayat and Herry Vaza

Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago country, covers around 17,000 islands, and lies to the north of the equator, between 6° and 11° south latitude and 97° and 114° east longitude (Figure 21.1). Not only is Indonesia located between two great continents, Asia and Australia, but it is also located between two great oceans, the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The accumulation of land and water is around 1.9  million km2 or approximately 5.8 times that of Malaysia, which is only around 0.3 million km2. However, Indonesia is still only around 0.2 times the size of the United States of America, which is around 9.8 million km2. Indonesia is the largest among its neighboring countries in Southeast Asia, such as Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and East Timor.