chapter  14
17 Pages

Exon Skipping Oligonucleotides and Concomitant Dystrophin Expression in Skeletal Muscle of mdx Mice

Exon skipping oligonucleotides (ESOs) of 2’O-Methyl (2’OMe) and morpholino chemistry have been shown to restore dystrophin expression in muscle fibers from the mdx mouse, and are currently being tested in Phase I clinical trials for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, ESOs remain limited in their effectiveness because of an inadequate delivery profile. Synthetic cationic copolymers of poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) are regarded as effective agents for enhanced delivery of nucleic acids in various applications.