chapter  5
Markets and Market Forces for Pulp and Paper Products
ByLauri Hetemäki, Riitta Hänninen, Alexander Moiseyev
Pages 30

The pulp and paper industry is highly diversified in terms of products, raw materials, product qualities, distribution channels, and end uses. For instance, tissue, carton board,

CONTENTS

5.1 Background and the State of the Sector ............................................................................99 5.1.1 Background ...............................................................................................................99 5.1.2 Significance, Structure, and Outlook of the Global

Paper and Paperboard Sector ............................................................................... 100 5.1.3 Regional Pulp and Paper Markets and Trade .................................................... 103

5.2 Impact of Digital Media in the Graphics Paper Sector ................................................. 104 5.2.1 Background ............................................................................................................. 104 5.2.2 Drivers of Market Changes .................................................................................. 105 5.2.3 Declining Price Trend ........................................................................................... 108

5.3 Packaging Sector Increases Paperboard Consumption................................................ 109 5.3.1 Overview of Packaging and Paperboard Products ........................................... 109 5.3.2 Regional Developments in Paperboard Markets .............................................. 110 5.3.3 Changes in Paperboard Prices ............................................................................. 111 5.3.4 Drivers of Paperboard and Packaging Markets ................................................ 111

5.4 Implications of Paper Markets on Wood Fiber Demand.............................................. 115 5.5 Pulp and Paper Industry Is Still Consolidating and Globalizing ............................... 119 5.6 New Products ..................................................................................................................... 121

5.6.1 Background: Saturation of Old Products, Birth of New Products .................. 121 5.6.2 Toward a Forest-Based Biorefinery ..................................................................... 122

5.7 Conclusions ......................................................................................................................... 123 References ..................................................................................................................................... 125

and newsprint have very little in common, apart from their basic production processes and being capital intensive to manufacture. Pulp, paper, and packaging boards are typically intermediate products, used as inputs in the production of downstream value-added products, while some products, such as tissue and office papers, are generally distributed to consumers without further conversion.