chapter  22
56 Pages

Gas Sensors Based on Semiconducting Metal Oxides

ByAlexander Gurlo, Nicolae Bârsan, Udo Weimar

In general, a gas sensor can be defined as a device that informs about the composition of its ambient atmosphere (i.e., responds to the stimulus, Figure 22.1). More specifically, upon interaction with chemical species (adsorption, chemical reaction, and charge transfer), the physicochemical properties of the metal oxide sensitive layer (such as its mass, temperature, and electrical resistance) reversibly change. These changes are translated into an electrical signal such as frequency,

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current, voltage, or impedance/conductance, which is then read out and subjected to further data treatment and processing [1-10, 159, 160] (Figure 22.2).