chapter  22
8 Pages

Percutaneous Laser and Radiofrequency Disc Decompression

ByAfshin Gangi, Xavier Buy, Stephane Guth, Jean Pierre Imbert

The long-term outcome, the complications, and the suboptimal results that may accompany open disc surgery have led to the early development of other treatment techniques that would avoid a surgical approach through the spinal canal and an extensive disc ablation. Percutaneous removal of nucleus pulposus has been performed with a variety of chemical and mechanical techniques for the past several years. Several percutaneous techniques have been used, including chemonucleolysis, percutaneous lumbar discectomy, laser disc decompression, and radiofrequency nucleoplasty (RFN) (1-8).