chapter  4
92 Pages

Polymers of Acrylic Acid, Methacrylic Acid, Maleic Acid and their Derivatives

WithOskar Nuyken

The esters of acrylic and methacrylic acid, whose polymerization reactions are described in this chapter, are unsymmetrically substituted ethylenes of the general formula


with R¼H for acrylates and R¼CH3 for methacrylates. The substituents R0 may be of a great variety: from n-alkyl chains to more complicated functional groups. In the following chapters these compounds are generally named acrylic esters, although in literature, esters of other a-substituted acrylic acids (e.g., R¼ –CN, –Cl, –C2H3) are sometimes included in this term.