chapter  9
12 Pages

Alcohol and Tobacco Abuse, and the Health of Aging People

ByJin Zhang, Ronald R. Watson

Introduction .......................................................................................... 113 Cardiovascular Disease ........................................................................ 114

Alcohol Abuse and Cardiovascular Disease ................................... 115 Tobacco Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease .............................. 115

Cancer .................................................................................................. 116 Alcohol Abuse and Cancer .............................................................. 117 Tobacco Smoking and Cancer .......................................................... 119

Conclusions........................................................................................... 119 References ............................................................................................. 120

The size of the elderly population in the U.S. has grown substantially during the 20th century and is projected to rise well into the next century. Life expectancy has continued to rise for Americans and is now over 75 years.