Licensing Framework for Nuclear Hydrogen Production Plant
Before a civilian nuclear reactor can be built and operated, approval is usually obtained as in Japan and the United States from such authorities as designated by the government of a state as being responsible by law for licensing and regulating nuclear reactors and materials for their intended safe and peaceful purposes while protecting the safety of people and the environment. A nuclear hydrogen production plant will require such approvals. Several types of nuclear reactors as described in Section III enable nuclear hydrogen production. This chapter introduces the current licensing practices, while available, for several of the reactor types. A number of the designs in Section III involve thermodynamic coupling of nuclear reactor to hydrogen plant. Since such nuclear system has not been licensed to date, a licensing framework is discussed based on the safety design and licensing approaches proposed at the moment in the nuclear heated hydrogen plant development.