Nuclear Hydrogen Production Development in China
China has enjoyed a rapid growth of economy since 1980s. This trend of growth can be expected to continue for some decades. In the mean time, a greater energy demand and environmental problem caused by burning larger quantity of fossil fuels will pose signiŒ- cant challenges to a sustainable development and economical expansion in China. During the period 2000-2007, China’s average annual growth rate of energy consumption was 8.9% and that of electricity consumption was as high as 13.0%. In 2007, China’s total energy consumption was 2.66 billion tce (ton-coal equivalent). The primary energy production was 2.23 billion tce. The sources of primary energy production (as coal equivalent calculation) was 76.63% raw coal, 11.31% crude oil, 3.91% natural gas, 7.24% hydro power, and 0.91% nuclear power . Such primary energy portfolios resulted in large amounts of SO2 and CO2 atmospheric emissions. In 2006, the emission of CO2 was 5.61 billion tons  while that of SO2 from industry sector was 22.35 million tons .