chapter  28
12 Pages

European Union Activities on Using Nuclear Power for Hydrogen Production

ByKarl Verfondern

The European Union (EU) comprises highly industrialized countries with extended urban agglomerations, and therefore needs to rely on a secure and economic supply with energy. As of 2007, the EU holding 7.5% (or 496 million) of the world population consumed 15% of the total energy or 1.757 billion TOE (tons of oil equivalent), and 18% (3325 TWh) of the total electricity [1], and is responsible for 14% (4100 Mt) of the total CO2 emissions. The situation in the European Union as predicted for the next 30 years is characterized by a growing demand for energy by 2% annually and, at the same time (after 2010), a decreasing domestic energy production. In 2030, if no additional measures are taken, 70% of the energy demand will have to be covered by imports. In addition, this development will push CO2 emissions to a plus of 14% compared to the 1990 level, far off the Kyoto commitment of an 8% reduction. For these reasons, all energy options should be left open for the next generations [2].