chapter  14
32 Pages

Recent Developments in Gas-to-Liquid Conversion and Opportunities for Advanced Nanoporous Materials

ByGabriele Centi, Siglinda Perathoner

Fast development of the world economy and increase of the international oil price have made the global energy and environmental problems increasingly serious. Gas-to-liquid (GTL) processes (Fischer-Tropsch [FT], methanol, and dimethyl ether [DME] syntheses) have become increasingly important and received much attention. Besides providing clean fuel, the

CONTENTS

14.1Introduction ................................................................................................ 481 14.1.1Backgrounds on Gas-to-Liquid Processes .................................. 481 14.1.2Drivers and Issues .........................................................................484 14.1.3Stranded Gas .................................................................................. 487

14.2Gas-to-Liquid Technologies ..................................................................... 489 14.2.1Challenges in GTL Processes ....................................................... 493 14.2.2New Technologies for Syngas Production ................................. 494 14.2.3Advances in Fischer-Tropsch Technology ................................. 499 14.2.4Advances in Direct Methane Selective Oxidation ....................500 14.2.5Advances in Direct NG Conversion to Alkylaromatics ...........505

14.3Conclusions ................................................................................................. 507 Acknowledgment ................................................................................................ 507 References ............................................................................................................. 507

products of GTL processes can be further processed to many other valuable chemical products.