chapter  14
24 Pages

Vascular Dementia

ByHelena C. Chui

After neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), cerebrovascular disease

(CVD) accounts for the second largest group of dementias (1). There is some confusion about this in

the literature where it is sometimes stated that dementia with Lewy bodies is the second most

common cause of dementia (2). In autopsy series and among neurodegenerative disorders, this may

be true. However, in epidemiological surveys and certainly when stroke dementia is included,

vascular dementias rate second (3). In some Asian countries, such as Japan, vascular dementia even

outranks AD (4).