chapter  3
22 Pages

Setting the Stage for Chronic Health Problems: Cumulative Childhood Adversity among Homeless Adults with Mental Illness in Vancouver, British Columbia

Research into the causes of homelessness suggests complex interactions between structural and individual factors, both of which are often present long before the onset of first homelessness [1,2]. The childhoods of homeless adults are disproportionately characterized by persistent poverty, residential mobility, school problems, and other stressful and/or traumatic experiences [3-5] particularly among homeless individuals with mental illness [2]. In fact, the childhoods of homeless people with mental illness

have been described as a “double dose” of disadvantage in the form of poverty as well as violence and family instability [2].