Characterization of Pure Cultures Isolated from Sulfamethoxazole-acclimated Activated Sludge with Respect to Taxonomic Identification and Sulfamethoxazole Biodegradation Potential
The widespread usage, disposal all around the world and a consumption of up to 200,000 t per year, makes the various groups of antibiotics an important issue for micropollutants risk assessment [1,2]. Their discharge and thus presence in the environment has become of major concern for environmental protection strategies. Antibiotics are designed to inhibit microorganisms and therefore influence microbial communities in different ecosystems [3,4]. Monitoring programs have already shown that antibiotics can be found nearly everywhere in the environment, even in concentrations
up to μg L-1 leading to antibiotic resistance in organisms [5-9]. Antibiotic resistance genes might be transferred to human-pathogenic organisms by horizontal gene-transfer and become a serious issue, especially multidrug resistance in bacteria [10-12].