chapter  7
18 Pages

MRI of Pelvic Floor Disorders

WithFrancesca Maccioni, Valeria Buonocore

When the pelvic floor is damaged in any of its fascial, muscular, or neural components, several pelvic floor dysfunctions (PFDs) may arise. PFDs are characterized by a variable association of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and functional disturbances, involving bladder (urinary incontinence [UI] and voiding dysfunction), vagina and/or uterus (sexual dysfunctions and prolapse), and the rectum (obstructed defecation syndrome [ODS]). Thus, any of the three pelvic floor compartments, the anterior or urinary, the middle or genital, and the posterior or anorectal, may be variably and concurrently involved, resulting in a variable association of POP and functional disturbances.