chapter  11
14 Pages

Design and Cost Estimation of Micro Sprinkler Irrigation System for Chili

Micro irrigation is one of the most recent developments in irrigation methods [1, 2]. It was originally developed in Israel by Simca Bloss in 1959. This method proved very economical in water use and also produced higher yield. The water demand has increased many folds due to improvement in agricultural production technology in the last few decades. The pumping cost has increased substantially with the inflation of machinery prices and enhancement in energy prices. This has made the water not only scare but also a costly resource. Because of the anticipated shortage of this vital agricultural input, we have always been endeavoring to increase the water resources.