chapter  2
12 Pages

A History of Cosmetic Microbiology in the United States

ByAnne Wolven Garrett, Donald S. Orth

Many of the early workers in microbiology in the United States learned from scientists in Europe and Asia. The teachings of Koch (the germ theory of disease), Jenner (vaccination), Pasteur (vaccination with attenuated cholera, pasteurization), Lister (sterilization), Bierjinck and Winogradsky (culture methods), and others provided the basis for explosive growth in microbiology in the latter portion of the 19th century. The time between 1880 and 1900 has been called the ‘‘Golden Age of Microbiology’’ because it was a time at which our understanding of the role of microorganisms in disease was being confirmed by isolation and identification of the organisms that caused many important diseases.