INTRODUCTION Dysfunctional anger is an issue faced frequently by clinicians. Diagnostically, however, clinicians are in a conundrum. As noted in Chapter 7, there are no anger-based diagnostic categories to guide their assessment, conceptualization, and treatment planning. Anger-based diagnoses would facilitate not only clinical intervention, but also clinical science because protocols and ﬁndings would be linked to a common set of criteria describing patient populations. Since such diagnoses are not available, research on anger reduction has tended to deﬁne an anger-involved population (e.g., angry medical patients with hypertension, angry veterans, angry drivers) and then evaluate interventions designed for that population. Until agreed-upon anger-based diagnoses are available, researchers should continue to carefully describe demographics, background factors, how anger is experienced and expressed, how anger affects patients and others around them, and other psychosocial correlates and risk factors. Such information will help researchers understand more clearly the nature of the patient population, and will
assist practitioners in making informed choices regarding what interventions may be appropriate for which angry patients.