Advanced Technologies for the Improvement of Spray Application Techniques in Spanish Viticulture: An Overview
EMILIO GIL, JAUME ARNÓ, JORDI LLORENS, RICARDO SANZ, JORDI LLOP, JOAN R. ROSELL-POLO, MONTSERRAT GALLART, AND ALEXANDRE ESCOLÀ
Crop protection is a key issue in farm management. It involves dealing with important risks and expensive pesticide products. Most of these products are to be applied by means of sprayers. Spraying techniques have been continuously evolving in recent decades. However, it is not only the sprayer itself, but everything related to the application of plant protection products (PPP) that needs to be taken into account in order to improve the results obtained. What is the canopy like? What is the canopy volume? What is the leaf area to be sprayed? What technologies are available to
help growers improve their spray applications in a more effective, efficient and sustainable way?