chapter  2
10 Pages

Climate Change and Fruit Production

ByW. S. Dhillon, P. P. S. Gill

In India, diverse horticultural crops are grown due to the availability of different climactic zones ranging from extreme temperate (chilgoza, pecannut, walnut) to tropical crops (banana, cashewnut, avocado). Hence, after China, India is the second largest country in terms of area and production of fruits in the world. The impact of horticulture industry in India is visible as it contributes to about 29.5% of Agriculture GDP from 13.5% of area, and also contributes substantially to the earning from total agricultural exports. Horticultural crops need high investment due to long juvenile period. Apart from investment the growers should have technical knowhow to minimize the risk involved in this venture.