chapter  13
22 Pages

Climate Change: Breeding Strategies to Mitigate Abiotic Stress in Ornamental Crops

Abstract ................................................................................................. 232 13.1 Introduction ................................................................................ 233 13.2 What Is Climate Change? .......................................................... 234 13.3 Global Climate Change Current Scenario .................................. 237 13.4 Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).............. 238 13.5 Climate Change: Indian Scenario .............................................. 238 13.6 Pollutants.................................................................................... 247 13.7 In Vitro Selection Pressure Technique ....................................... 248 13.8 Conclusions ................................................................................ 249 Keywords .............................................................................................. 249 References ............................................................................................. 249

ABSTRACT

The global floriculture trade is estimated to be at US$ 70 billion. The floriculture industry is growing at the rate of 8-10% per annum. There are nearly 120 countries that are actively involved in floriculture business. India ranks second in flower cultivation next to China producing 1,651,000 MT of loose flowers and 75,065 lakh numbers of cut flowers annually (2011-2012). In the last decade, there was a great surge in the production as well as consumption of flowers, ornamental plants and value added products. Though, India’s present contribution in the global floricultural export market is negligible (~0.4%) as compared to the Netherlands (58%), Columbia (14%), Equador (7%), Kenya (5%), Israel (2%), Italy (2%), Spain (2%) and Others 10%. Europe continues to be the largest destination for Indian floriculture exports. However, in the recent years, India has been exporting floriculture products to the Japanese, Australian and the Middle East markets.