Soil Solarization and Moisture Conservation Practices to Combat Climate Change
Climate change is a significant statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions. Temperature and CO2 concentration are the most important components of climate change influencing agriculture. An increase of CO2 level in atmosphere traps the solar radiation and increases the temperature near earth surface. A slight increase in temperature imposes several stress to the fruit plants mainly moisture and incomplete chilling which adversely affect the productivity and quality attribute of fruit crops. Soil solarization is a relatively new, nonchemical method of soil disinfestation, and is cost effective to methyl bromide crisis and this encompasses the benefits of the concept made possible through advances in plastic mulch technology. Solarization currently is an important and widespread practice for agri-horticultural production including fruit crops. Moreover, it is an effective tool for moisture conservation, pest control, weeds suppression, the improvement in nutrient availability and microbial activity in soil profile of fruit crops and has been mainly used commercially in regions where air temperatures are very high during the summer season. Through this article in agriculture can come to understand methods of solarization adopted in fruit cultivation and their efficiency to combat effects of climate change.