chapter  5
24 Pages

Anti-Biofilm Activity of an Exopolysaccharide from a Sponge-Associated Strain of Bacillus licheniformis

Most species of bacteria prefer biofilm as the most common means of growth in the environment and this kind of bacterial socialization has recently been described as a very successful form of life on earth [1]. Although they can have considerable advantages in terms of self-protection for the microbial community involved or to develop in situ bioremediation systems [2], biofilms have great negative impacts on the world's economy and pose serious problems to industry, marine transportation, public health and medicine due to increased resistance to antibiotics and chemical biocides, increased rates of genetic exchange, altered biodegradability and increased production of secondary metabolites [3-8].