Monitoring, abatement and management of diffuse pollution
Diffuse pollution could be identified and assessed, based only on the general water quality status of a catchment basin, and as such the monitoring process, which allows for this assessment is essential. Basic definitions, procedures and methods are presented in the light of the closed-loop approach to the monitoring process. Emphasis is given to the quality assurance and records handling procedures. Abatement measures, including source control activities and appropriate treatment methods and facilities to reduce storm water pollution before it reaches the natural water bodies, are presented as well. Specific aspects and approaches of the management practice of diffuse pollution control are discussed, considering the planning and preparation phase, public/stakeholders’ participation and involvement techniques, as well as enforcement provisions.