Professional Training and Technology Transfer
The Congress of the United States, seeing the need for adult education in agriculture, established the Land Grant Colleges through the Morrill Act of 1862. Each state was given land which was to be used in some way to create a state agricultural college where students could learn about advanced production practices and food science. The Hatch Act established the State Agricultural Experiment Stations in 1887, where agricultural research could be conducted to address the needs of farmers and rural inhabitants. Land grant colleges successfully addressed many issues and created specialized courses and publications to deliver new information, but somehow many farmers did not learn of or adopt the research-based practices that were becoming available.