Titanium-based material is one of the most studied materials due to its unique properties and wide potential application in many elds (Chen and Mao 2007; Roy et al. 2011; Chen et al. 2013). For many of these applications, it is very important to manipulate their morphology, crystalline texture, and surface characteristics for better control of the properties. Especially, 1D and 2D titanium-based nanostructures, such as nanotubes, nanorods, and nanosheets, which have
22.1 Introduction 587 22.1.1 Titanium Dioxide 588 22.1.2 Iron (II) Titanium 589
22.2 Experimental Concepts and Methods 589 22.2.1 Ball Milling 589 22.2.2 Annealing 590 22.2.3 Wet Chemical Treatment 590 22.2.4 Characterization of Materials 590 22.2.5 Electrochemical Testing 591
22.3 Preparation of TiO2 Nanorods from the Natural Mineral Ilmenite 591 22.3.1 Synthesis of TiO2 Nanorods via a Solid-State Ball Milling and Annealing Process 592 22.3.2 Synthesis of TiO2 Nanorods via Ball Milling and Wet Chemical Treatment
Processes 595 22.4 Growth of Ilmenite (FeTiO3) Nanosheets from the Milled Ilmenite Powder 597 22.5 Applications in Electrochemical Supercapacitors and Lithium Ion Batteries 599
22.5.1 TiO2 Nanorods as Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries 599 22.5.2 FeTiO3 Nanosheets as Electrode Material for Electrochemical Supercapacitors 602
22.6 Conclusions 604 Acknowledgments 604 References 605
high surface-to-volume ratio and excellent electronic transport property, are of great interest. e detailed introduction to 1D and 2D titanium-based nanostructures can be found in review articles (Chen et al. 2011; Léonard and Talin 2011; Liu and Liu 2012).