The education of school and university teachers within the paradigm of questioning the world
This chapter focuses on what teacher education means within the paradigm of questioning the world. It presents a proposal of “study and research paths for teacher education” (SRPs-TE), a teacher education format elaborated within the anthropological theory of the didactic based on the collective study of a professional teaching question carried out by teacher-students under the guidance of educators. After describing the structure of SRPs-TE in several modules, the chapter also presents three case studies implemented with pre- and in-service teacher-students of different school levels: primary, secondary and university. The ATD proposal for teacher education faces two main challenges: first, enabling teachers to deal with questions-led study processes and, second, empowering them to question the knowledge to be taught. Research within the ATD has already shown that, in the case of pre-service teachers, their spontaneous questioning was mainly related to the pedagogical knowledge, while pedagogical content knowledge and content knowledge remained unquestioned.