Design and evaluation of a portable device for the measurement of bio-impedance-cardiograph
ABSTRACT: Electrical impedance of biological matter is known as electrical bio-impedance or simply as bio-impedance. Bio-impedance devices are of great value for monitoring the pathological and physiological status of biological tissues in clinical and home environments. The technological progress in instrumentation has significantly contributed to the progress that has been observed during the last past decades in impedance spectroscopy and electrical impedance cardiograph. Although bio-impedance is not a physiological parameter, the method enables tissue characterization and functional monitoring and can contribute to the monitoring of the health status of a person. In this paper an inexpensive portable multi frequency impedance cardiograph device based on impedance spectroscopy technique has been developed. By means of this system the basic thoracic impedance range and the heart-actioncaused changes of impedance can be measured and the hemodynamic parameters of the heart function can be determined. This system has small size and low current consumption. The impedance cardiograph signals of the electrodes configuration by Sramek, Penney and Qu in this work was measured; compared and summarized. The differences of the measuring method, the schematic circuit diagram, the measurement results and area of application between impedance cardiograph and impedance spectroscopy were discussed and compared. The performance of this sensor-system was evaluated.