# Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground

DOI link for Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground

Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground book

# Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground

DOI link for Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground

Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground book

Edited ByGiulia Viggiani

Edition 1st Edition

First Published 2012

eBook Published 5 September 2012

Pub. location London

Imprint CRC Press

Pages 1100 pages

eBook ISBN 9780429212796

SubjectsEngineering & Technology

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#### Get Citation

Viggiani, G. (Ed.). (2013). Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground. London: CRC Press, https://doi.org/10.1201/b12748

Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground comprises a collection of 118 papers, four reports on symposium themes, and four invited lectures presented at the seventh International Symposium on Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground, held in Rome, Italy, 16-18 May 2011.The symposium was organized by the

## TABLE OF CONTENTS

chapter |18 pages

#### Special lectures Mexico City deep eastern drainage tunnel

M.A. Aguilar-Téllez & R. Méndez-Marroquin J.L. Rangel-Núñez M. Comulada-Simpson & U. Maidl

WithM.A. Aguilar-Téllez, R. Méndez-Marroquin, J.L. Rangel-Núñez, M. Comulada-Simpson, U. Maidl & G. Auvinet-Guichard

chapter |16 pages

#### Long-term tunnel settlement mechanisms of Metro Line 2 in Shanghai

WithC.W.W. Ng, Q. Li & G.B. Liu

chapter |10 pages

#### Deep excavations for Amsterdam Metro North-South line: An update and lessons learned

WithA.F. van Tol & M. Korff

chapter |16 pages

#### Evaluating the effects of tunnelling on historical buildings: The example of a new subway in Rome

S. Rampello & L. Callisto F.M. Soccodato

WithS. Rampello, L. Callisto, F.M. Soccodato & G.M.B. Viggiani

chapter |2 pages

#### Tribute to Professor Keiichi Fujita by ISSMGE Technical Committee 204 (formerly TC28) on Underground Construction in Soft Ground

WithR.J. Mair & H. Akagi

chapter |8 pages

#### Session reports Construction, design and measured performance of bored tunnels

WithC.O. Menkiti

chapter |10 pages

#### Construction, design and measured performance of deep excavations

WithJ.R. Standing

chapter |6 pages

#### Design methods and predictive tools for deep excavations and bored tunnels

WithL. Callisto

chapter |6 pages

#### Construction, design, and measured performance of bored tunnels Application of the image and laser sensors based tunnel scanning system

WithM. Sagong, T.H. Koh, B.S. Chun, B.H. Lee & Y.S. Byun

chapter |8 pages

#### Manipulations of the sticky clays regarding EPB tunnel driving

G. Spagnoli M. Feinendegen R. Ernst

WithG. Spagnoli, M. Feinendegen, R. Ernst & M. Weh

chapter |8 pages

#### The effects of anisotropy and of unhomogeneity of stress state on the lining of road tunnel in a Flysch formation

WithV.M. Santoro

chapter |12 pages

#### High-resolution multichannel seismic survey for the excavation of the new headrace tunnel for the Crevola Toce III hydropower scheme in the Ossola Valley, Italy

WithM. Sapigni, A.M. Baldi, F. Bianchi & J. De Luca

chapter |8 pages

#### Geotechnical instrumentation data management

John L. Gilby P. Eng. Monica Socol

WithJ.L. Gilby, P. Eng & M. Socol

chapter |8 pages

#### Design and construction of a sewer tunnel in difficult site conditions

WithP. Croce, S. Di Maio, G. Speciale & L. Cassibba

chapter |8 pages

#### Prediction and performance of a ground freezing application to the rehabilitation works of an existing tunnel

WithA. Pigorini, A. Sciotti, G. Zoppo & G. Calabresi

chapter |8 pages

#### Flow around a TBM: A Comparison of analytical and numerical models

A. Bezuijen F. Nagel

WithA. Bezuijen, F. Nagel & G. Meschke

chapter |8 pages

#### Design of jet-grouting for tunnel waterproofing

Marcos Arroyo & Antonio Gens Paolo Croce & Giuseppe Modoni

WithM. Arroyo, A. Gens, P. Croce & G. Modoni

chapter |8 pages

#### Modelling a deep tunnel excavation in a low-porosity tectonised clay

WithD. Boldini & A. Graziani

chapter |8 pages

#### Micro-measurement and monitoring system for ageing underground infrastructure (Underground M3)

K. Soga A. Ledesma

WithK. Soga, A. Ledesma, A. Roncaglia & I. Vaníček

chapter |8 pages

#### Settlement monitoring and tunnelling process adaptation—case of South Toulon tunnel

J.P. Janin, D. Daniel & R. Kastner F. Emeriault

WithSouth Toulon tunnel J.P. Janin, D. Daniel, R. Kastner, F. Emeriault, A. Guilloux & H. Lebissonnais

chapter |10 pages

#### Backcalculation of internal forces in the segmental lining of a tunnel: The experience of Line 1 in Naples

WithE. Bilotta & G. Russo

chapter |8 pages

#### Backanalysis of measured movements in ageing tunnels

WithC. de Santos, A. Ledesma & A. Gens

chapter |8 pages

#### Modelling and monitoring of a urban underground excavation

A. Cantone R. Fico F. Cavuoto

WithA. Cantone, R. Fico, F. Cavuoto & A. Mandolini

chapter |10 pages

#### Methods of monitoring of metro lining in Prague

WithM. Vaníček, S. Chamra, D. Jirásko, J. Macháček, I. Vaníček, J. Záleský, A. Hada, K. Chaiyasarn & K. Soga

chapter 2|6 pages

#### Two adjacent railway tunnels underneath the historic city of Mainz

WithH. Quick, J. Michael, S. Meissner & U. Arslan

chapter |8 pages

#### Aicha-Mauls on the Brenner Base Tunnel—status of the works and results

H. Quick & J. Michael K. Bergmeister

WithH. Quick, J. Michael, K. Bergmeister & E. Facchin

chapter |10 pages

#### A new tunnel bored in alluvial soft soil under the Malaga Airport

C.S. Oteo J. García Pérez H. Moreno

WithC.S. Oteo, J. García Pérez, H. Moreno, P. de La Fuente & J. Oteo Escobar

chapter |10 pages

#### Analysis of convergence data and 3D numerical modelling of tunnels excavated in fine-grained soils

P. Perazzelli & T. Rotonda D. Boldini

WithP. Perazzelli, T. Rotonda, D. Boldini, A.M. Ajmone-Cat & P.M. Gianvecchio

chapter |10 pages

#### Back-fill grout with two component mix in EPB tunneling to minimize surface settlements: Rome Metro—Line C case history

WithS. Pelizza, D. Peila, R. Sorge & F. Cignitti

chapter |8 pages

#### Deep excavation of Malatesta Station in Rome: Design, construction and measures

WithE. Romani, R. Sorge, G. Guiducci, A. Lucarelli & G. Furlani

chapter |6 pages

#### Physical and numerical modelling of deep excavations and bored tunnels Review of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids behaviour in the context of grouts

Sina Kazemian Arun Prasad

WithS. Kazemian, A. Prasad & B.B.K. Huat

chapter |8 pages

#### Stability of cohesive-frictional soils with square underground openings

WithK. Yamamoto, A.V. Lyamin, D.W. Wilson, A.J. Abbo & S.W. Sloan

chapter |8 pages

#### Bearing capacity analysis of cohesive-frictional soils with dual circular tunnels

WithK. Yamamoto, A.V. Lyamin, D.W. Wilson, A.J. Abbo & S.W. Sloan

chapter |10 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of the response of buildings to tunnelling

WithR.P. Farrell & R.J. Mair

chapter |8 pages

#### Tunnelling-induced deformation on a masonry structure: A numerical approach

A. Amorosi D. Boldini

WithA. Amorosi, D. Boldini, G. de Felice & M. Malena

chapter |8 pages

#### The dynamic behavior of shield circular tunnels and surrounding granular soils during earthquakes

M. Hatambeigi Y. Pashang Pisheh

WithM. Hatambeigi, Y. Pashang Pisheh & M. Pashang Pisheh

chapter |8 pages

#### An investigation into Inclined Struts method as a type of shoring

WithA. Fakher & S. Sadeghian

chapter |10 pages

#### Understanding ground deformation mechanisms during multi-propped excavation in soft clay

WithS.Y. Lam, S.K. Haigh & M.D. Bolton

chapter |8 pages

#### Face stability control for EPB tunnels in a non homogeneous till formation with highly permeable layers

WithA. Graziani, A. Lembo-Fazio, M. Moccichino & P. Romualdi

chapter |8 pages

#### Numerical simulation of long-term twin-tunnel behaviour at St James’s park

WithR.G. Laver & K. Soga

chapter |6 pages

#### Tunneling in stratified soft ground: Experimental study on 1g EPBS reduced scale model

WithN. Berthoz, D. Branque, H. Wong, G. Généreux, D. Subrin & E. Humbert

chapter |8 pages

#### Effects of the excavation procedure on the stability of diaphragm wall panels

WithD. L’Amante & A. Flora

chapter |8 pages

#### Influence of leakage on tunnel behavior in soft soils

WithD.M. Zhang, H.W. Huang & Z.Y. Fan

chapter |8 pages

#### Effect of soil stratification on pipe behaviour due to tunnelling-induced ground movements based on the displacement controlled method

Z.G. Zhang

WithZ.G. Zhang, M.S. Huang, M.X. Zhang & W.D. Wang

chapter |6 pages

#### Influence of overcut length on jack force and acting earth pressure during pipe jacking

WithA. Asanprakit, M. Sugimoto & J. Chen

chapter |8 pages

#### Assessment of building damage induced by excavation using plate analogy

WithE. Namazi & H. Mohamad

chapter |8 pages

#### Comparing the limit equilibrium method and the numerical stress analysis method of tunnel face stability assessment

WithP. Perazzelli & G. Anagnostou

chapter |4 pages

#### Interaction between tunnelling and bridge foundation—3D numerical investigation

WithC. Yoo & S.J. Wu

chapter |8 pages

#### Numerical analysis of precast tunnel segmental lining supported by full-scale experimental tests

WithF. Cignitti, R. Sorge, A. Meda, F. Nerilli & Z. Rinaldi

chapter |6 pages

#### The ground movement simulator: An interesting facility for the study of the behavior of buildings submitted to ground subsidence

WithM. Caudron, M. Al Heib, B. Hor & F. Emeriault

chapter |10 pages

#### Experimental and numerical study of grout injections in silty soils

WithL. Masini, S. Rampello, G.M.B. Viggiani & K. Soga

chapter |10 pages

#### 3D finite element analysis of deep excavations with cross-walls

WithS. Rampello & S. Salvatori

chapter |6 pages

#### A 3D numerical study of deep excavations in clayey soils

WithE. Erbì & F.M. Soccodato

chapter |6 pages

#### Construction, design, and measured performance of deep excavations Interaction of retaining structure with adjacent building: Multi-stage numerical analysis

WithE.M. Comodromos & M.C. Papadopoulou

chapter |8 pages

#### Effect of pressurized grouting on anchor behavior in residual soils

Tae-Sub Kim Bo-Kyoung Sim Jong-Sun Kim

WithT.-S. Kim, B.-K. Sim, J.-S. Kim, S.-W. Lee & I.-M. Lee

chapter |8 pages

#### Design and construction of anchored diaphragm walls and dewatering system for the excavation of a two-level basement car park at the Al Ghazala Hotel Intercontinental in Tripoli—Libya

WithC. Asioli, M. Agostini & T. Minotti

chapter |8 pages

#### Underground car parks in Italian urban areas: Not an easy task!

WithG. Pagotto, P. Silvi & F. Casadei

chapter |6 pages

#### Recent uses of directional drilling technology in the construction field

WithD. Vanni, M. Siepi, M. Croce, F. Melli & V. Specchio

chapter |8 pages

#### Leak detection in complex underground structures using an innovative geophysical method

WithD. Vanni & E. Geutebrück

chapter |10 pages

#### Construction of a large underground parking in Bari downtown

WithR. Granata, F. Gioia & V. Cotecchia

chapter |8 pages

#### Seepage experiences for deep urban excavation at the TBM Malatesta shaft, Rome

WithA. Capata & V. Capata

chapter |8 pages

#### Spatial effects on excavations in deep soft lacustrine clay

WithP. Becker, G. Berhane & H.-G. Kempfert

chapter |6 pages

#### Detection of imperfections in diaphragm walls with geophysical measurements

R. Spruit V. Hopman

WithR. Spruit, V. Hopman & A.F. van Tol

chapter |6 pages

#### An integrated monitoring and risk management system for civil construction works

WithE.P.T. Smits

chapter |6 pages

#### The study of displacements of diaphragm walls built in Warsaw Quaternary soils

WithA. Siemińska-Lewandowska, M. Mitew-Czajewska & U. Tomczak

chapter |8 pages

#### Design control and monitoring of a jet grouted excavation bottom plug

N. Eramo & G. Modoni M. Arroyo Alvarez de Toledo

WithN. Eramo, G. Modoni & M.A.A. de Toledo

chapter |8 pages

#### Dewatering tests results for underground C Line stations construction

Massimo Grisolia & Giuseppe Iorio Antonio Zechini

WithM. Grisolia, G. Iorio & A. Zechini

chapter |6 pages

#### Evaluation of negative skin friction on sheet pile walls at the Rio Grande dry dock, Brazil

WithC.M. Santana, F.A.B. Danziger, F.R. Lopes, L.B. Becker & R.J.L. Pereira

chapter |6 pages

#### Challenging demands on the geotechnical design and first monitoring results of the T185 in Frankfurt

WithS. Meissner, H. Quick, J. Michael & U. Arslan

chapter |8 pages

#### Geotechnical design of a railway tunnel and an underground station supporting the new city hall, Delft, The Netherlands

M.J.C. Everaars, E. Kwast & C.M. Meulblok S. Delfgaauw

WithM.J.C. Everaars, E. Kwast, C.M. Meulblok, S. Delfgaauw & H. Mortier

chapter |6 pages

#### CSM-cutter soil mixing—worldwide experiences of a young soil mixing method in soft soils

WithF.-W. Gerressen & T. Vohs

chapter |6 pages

#### The construction of deep excavation ditch in weak soil in St. Petersburg

WithR. Mangushev, E. Lashkova, V. Smolenkov & A. Osokin

chapter |8 pages

#### Effect of staged dewatering and excavation on the heave of soil beneath deep excavation

WithG. Zheng & Z. Li

chapter 3|8 pages

#### D finite element modeling and construction aspects for vertical shafts in Metro C Rome

WithG. Furlani, G. Guiducci, A. Lucarelli, A. Carrettucci & R. Sorge

chapter |6 pages

#### Effect of cement on tropical peat stabilized by deep mixing method

Sina Kazemian Arun Prasad Bujang B.K. Huat

WithS. Kazemian, A. Prasad & B.B.K. Huat

chapter |8 pages

#### Design methods and predictive tools for deep excavations and bored tunnels Effects of tunnelling on a single pile: Three-dimensional design tool

WithJ.Q. Surjadinata, T.S. Hull & J.P. Carter

chapter |6 pages

#### Prediction method of the displacement of surrounding ground during excavation

WithY. Motoi

chapter |8 pages

#### Numerical modeling of diaphragm wall behavior in Bangkok soil using hardening soil model

WithN. Phien-wej, M. Humza & Z.Z. Aye

chapter |6 pages

#### A nonlinear soil spring model considering ground stress and strain change during excavation

WithT. Sakamoto & Y. Katsura

chapter |8 pages

#### Strains and failure characteristics of pyroclastic materials in deep excavation

Alessandro Lombardi & Aldo Capata

WithA. Lombardi & A. Capata

chapter |14 pages

#### Simplified numerical method for tunnel design under seismic condition: Some examples about Istanbul Metro design, Kadikoy-Kartal Line

Giuseppe Maria Gaspari, Giovanni Quaglio & Vincenza Floria

WithG.M. Gaspari, G. Quaglio, V. Floria

chapter |8 pages

#### FEM analyses of deep excavations and earth retaining structures in soft clay

Takao Kono & Yoshimasa Shigeno

WithT. Kono & Y. Shigeno

chapter |8 pages

#### The influence of jet-grout constitutive modelling in excavation analyses

M. Ciantia M. Arroyo R. Castellanza

WithM. Ciantia, M. Arroyo, R. Castellanza & A. Gens

chapter |8 pages

#### Prediction of surface settlements induced by TBM using Artificial Neural Networks method

R. Boubou F. Emeriault

WithR. Boubou, F. Emeriault & R. Kastner

chapter |8 pages

#### Durability of calcarenitic hypogea in the underground cultural heritage of Palermo (Sicily)

WithM. Zimbardo, L. Ercoli & N. Nocilla

chapter |6 pages

#### Deep excavation in Bulgaria—comparison of measured and computed performance

WithA.E. Totsev

chapter |6 pages

#### Tunnel-boring process in urban environment: Modeling for reliability—a kinematic study

WithD. Festa, W. Broere, S.v.d. Woude & J.W. Bosch

chapter |10 pages

#### Mechanical analysis of jet grouted supporting structures

WithA. Flora, S. Lirer, G.P. Lignola & G. Modoni

chapter |6 pages

#### 3D simulations of a NATM tunnel in stiff clays with soil parameters optimised using monitoring data from exploratory adit

WithT. Svoboda & D. Mašín

chapter |8 pages

#### Numerical analysis of 20.5 m deep excavation with anchored diaphragm wall

WithJ. Josifovski, S. Gjorgjevski & M. Jovanovski

chapter |8 pages

#### Performance of deep excavations in the Taipei Basin

Richard N. Hwang & Z.C. Moh

WithR.N. Hwang & Z.C. Moh

chapter |8 pages

#### Geotechnical issues related to dry maintenance of open cut excavations below groundwater table in soft soils: Reliability of a simplified calculation model

WithF. Carnevale, R. Gallotti, F. Caneparo & P. Pampanin

chapter |8 pages

#### Ground movements, interaction with existing structures and mitigation measures Compensation grouting: Mechanisms determining the shape of the grout body

A. Bezuijen & A.F. van Tol

chapter |8 pages

#### Analysis of ground movements induced by tunnels in sand based on contract CR3 in Kaohsiung Metro

WithB.C.B. Hsiung

chapter |10 pages

#### The response of buildings to tunnelling: A case study

WithR.P. Farrell, R.J. Mair, A. Sciotti, A. Pigorini & M. Ricci

chapter |8 pages

#### The response of piled buildings to deep excavations

M. Korff R.J. Mair

WithM. Korff, R.J. Mair, A.F. van Tol & F.J. Kaalberg

chapter |8 pages

#### The horizontal response of framed buildings on individual footings to excavation-induced movements

WithK.H. Goh & R.J. Mair

chapter |8 pages

#### The response of buildings to movements induced by deep excavations

WithK.H. Goh & R.J. Mair

chapter |8 pages

#### 3D numerical modelling and settlement monitoring during excavation of the Metro-Torino South extension

WithG. Barla, M. Barla & G. Leuzzi

chapter |8 pages

#### 3D Numerical modelling of tunnelling intersecting piles

WithS.W. Lee, C.K.M. Choy, S.C. Tse, F.R. van Gool, W.W.L. Cheang & R.B.J. Brinkgreve

chapter |6 pages

#### Geotechnical cut-off diaphragms for built-up area protection in urban underground development

WithN.S. Nikiforova & D.A. Vnukov

chapter |8 pages

#### Greater Metro Line 3, Cairo: Installation of underground construction pits using cut-off-wall and soft-gel-grouting

WithL. Liersch & M. Baltruschat

chapter |8 pages

#### An interpretation of jet grouting effects on the retaining structures of a deep excavation and on adjacent buildings

WithE. Fontanella, L. Callisto, A. Desideri, A. Sciotti & C. Ottaviani

chapter |6 pages

#### Compensation grouting of piled foundations to mitigate tunneling settlements

F.J. Kaalberg R.D. Essler

WithF.J. Kaalberg, R.D. Essler & R. Kleinlugtenbelt

chapter |8 pages

#### Settlement behaviour after compensation and corrective grouting

A. Bezuijen, F.J. Kaalberg Remco Kleinlugtenbelt

WithA. Bezuijen, F.J. Kaalberg, R. Kleinlugtenbelt & R.D. Essler

chapter |8 pages

#### South Toulon tunnel: Analysis of an instrumented section

WithJ.P. Janin, D. Dias, R. Kastner, F. Emeriault, A. Guilloux & H. Lebissonnais

chapter |8 pages

#### Prediction of the effects induced by the Metro C construction on an old masonry building

F. Buselli, A. Logarzo & S. Miliziano F. Formato

WithF. Buselli, A. Logarzo, S. Miliziano, F. Formato, G. Simonacci & A. Zechini

chapter |8 pages

#### EPB tunnelling in deltaic deposits: Observations of ground movements

WithA. Gens, A. Di Mariano & M.T. Yubero

chapter |8 pages

#### Mitigation of the effects induced by shallow tunneling in urban environment: The use of ‘compensation grouting’ in the underground Line B1 works in Rome

A. Sciotti A. Desideri

WithA. Sciotti, A. Desideri, G. Saggio & C. Kummerer

chapter |8 pages

#### Jacked piles as mitigation measure of surface settlements due to tunneling in clay

M. Marchi, G. Gottardi & G. Marchi P.M. Masoli

WithM. Marchi, G. Gottardi, G. Marchi, P.M. Masoli, L. Zambianchi & G. Zattoni

chapter |8 pages

#### Observed and predicted settlements induced by the construction of hydraulic tunnels in Buenos Aires

WithA. Logarzo, S. Miliziano, V. Floria & M. Pescara

chapter |8 pages

#### On the effects of Line 6 tunnel excavation in Naples

WithB. Bitetti, A. Mandolini, A.F.V. Tol, W. Broere & R.B.J. Brinkgreve

chapter |6 pages

#### Long term environmental effect of tunnel construction in weak soils

WithM. Mets, R. Raudsepp & T. Ruben

chapter |12 pages

#### Soft ground tunneling in urban areas—proximity effects

WithJ.F. Chang, H.C. Chao & Z.C. Moh

chapter |18 pages

#### Activities of TC204 working groups Urban tunnels in soft ground: Review of current design practice

Vinicius da Mota Wedekin Richard Kastner Alain Guilloux

WithV. da Mota Wedekin, R. Kastner, A. Guilloux, A. Bezuijen, J. Standing & A. Negro Jr.

chapter |6 pages

#### Guidelines for comparing field or physical model observations with numerical simulations

WithG.M.B. Viggiani

chapter |10 pages

#### A predictive exercise on the behaviour of tunnels under seismic actions

WithE. Bilotta & F. Silvestri