Towards a European peripherality index
Article 2 of the Maastricht Treaty states as the goals of the European Union, inter alia, the promotion of harmonious and balanced economic development, convergence of economic performance, improvement of the quality of life and economic and social coherence between the member states. The proposed Trans-European Transport Networks (TETN) will play a prominent role in achieving these goals as they are to link landlocked and peripheral areas with the central areas of the Community. The identification of those peripheral regions, whose accessibility and transport infrastructure systems are to be improved, is becoming of great political importance. This is underlined by the European Commission’s Cohesion Report (1997) which emphasises that regions should measure policy success, regularly monitor results and regularly inform the public and political authorities of progress.