chapter
Mitigation policy instruments for climate change in China’s electric generation sector
ByY.M. Li
Pages 4

China has been the world’s biggest GHGs emitter due to its large population, fast growing economy and energy consumption (Zhang and Schoengold, 2010). Although it historically emphasized the importance of economic growth, even putting it far beyond of the environment, the country has demonstrated an increasing realization that it should be responsible for the outcomes of a warming world (Leggett et al., 2008) and attempted to seek for affordable approaches to sustainable development. The national government has publicly promised to cut carbon intensity by 40 per cent from 2005 levels by 2020 (CSC, 2012). It is generally highlighted that there is just a short step from energy consumptions to carbon emissions, especially in the context of China where almost half of emissions comes from electricity industry (CEC, 2010) due to its heavy reliance on coal. Emissions from the Chinese power generation sector launched from around 550 Mt CO2 in 1990 to around 2100 Mt CO2 in 2005 (Australian Government Productivity Commission, 2011). Convincingly, to achieve domestic abatement goals, targeted national actions are required for Chinese electricity generation sector to increase the proportion of non-fossil fuels in the mix and decrease emissions from the industry by all means.