This ethnographic research analyses the relationship between colonial sports and traditional Navajo culture. It ﬁnds that while the Navajo have fully ingrained colonial
sports into their culture, they have not necessarily adopted the colonial meanings of individualism and dominance associated with those sports. Sports like basketball and
baseball are shown to provide the Navajo with recreation and entertainment; but most signiﬁcantly, they seem to provide the opportunity to compete directly against Euro-
Americans in an ostensibly equal arena. By occasionally beating white teams at their own game, this research shows that colonial sports are actually used as a form of resistance
against colonial culture. Still, this research shows that standout athletes ﬁnd themselves caught between a sport that promotes superstardom and a culture that rejects it, a social location that is difﬁcult for these athletes to navigate.