chapter  5
15 Pages

Black memories of the Brazilian military dictatorship

The repression of black dances during the 1970s and the State of Rio Truth Commission
WithLuciana Xavier de Oliveira

During the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964–1985), one of the targets of the repression was the soul dances, organized by black youth in the 1970s. The so-called Black Rio Movement became a mass phenomenon, and attracted the attention of the military government. Only in 2015, the State of Rio Truth Commission revealed several reports that identified secret police investigations into soul dances. Surveillance and repression were also influenced by critics from the left against black soul. In this chapter, we aim to discuss these issues, and provide important insights into the workings of racial and class inequality in Brazilian society. This chapter also discusses the way soul dances reflected new strategies of identification and cultural consumption for black youth, conditioning new styles and cultural politics.