chapter  13
How Has the Israel National Police Perceived Its Role in Counterterrorism and Potential Outcomes? A Qualitative Analysis of Annual Police Reports
WithTAL JONATHAN-ZAMIR AND GALI AVIV
Pages 16

Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 222 What Are the Potential Outcomes of Policing Terrorism? ................................................... 222 The Study ..................................................................................................................................... 224

Israel as a Research Setting ................................................................................................... 224 Analysis of INP Annual Reports ......................................................................................... 225

Period I: Assignment of the INP with Counterterrorism Responsibilities ......................... 226 “Internal Security” as a Major Reform and Top Priority .................................................. 226 The Civil Guard as an Important Vehicle for Fostering Police-Community Relationships ....................................................................................... 227

Period II: The First Palestinian Intifada .................................................................................. 227 Counterterrorism as a Major Transition and Shift in Priorities (1988-1989), Followed by Reconciliation with the Dual Role (1990-1995) ......................................... 227 The Significance of the Civil Guard to Police-Community Relationships .................... 228

Period III: The Second Palestinian Intifada ............................................................................ 229 Ongoing Reconciliation and Acceptance of the Dual Role .............................................. 229 Lack of Resources .................................................................................................................. 230 Pride and Grief ....................................................................................................................... 230 Positive Impact on Police-Community Relationships ..................................................... 230

Discussion ................................................................................................................................... 231 Conclusions ................................................................................................................................. 233 Acknowledgments ...................................................................................................................... 234 References .................................................................................................................................... 234

Since the terror attack of September 11, 2001, police forces in the democratic world have become significantly more aware of potential terrorist threats and increased their involvement in counterterrorism (Bayley and Weisburd 2009; International Association of Chiefs of Police 2005; National Research Council 2004). Counterterrorism was a relatively new role for local police agencies in countries such as the United States and not necessarily perceived as natural (IACP 2005; Weisburd, Jonathan, and Perry 2009), and thus, along with the rise in policing terrorism, police scholars and practitioners have begun to debate, speculate on, and investigate the effects that this unique responsibility may have on the performance of the police, their role in society, and their relationship with the public (e.g., Fishman 2005; Lyons 2002; Murray 2005; Thacher 2005; Weisburd, Feucht, Hakimi, Mock, and Perry 2009; Weisburd, Jonathan, and Perry 2009).