Social Enterprise for Rural Community Development
This chapter presents the study which aimed to understand the practices implemented in the development of a social enterprise model in a bottom-up perspective, explores how daily actions are reproduced, and analyses the various challenges associated with them. It draws a comparison based on specific social enterprise criteria, including products, economic risks, workers, social benefits, founders or main actors, profit distribution, ownership and participation in the decision-making process based on observations in two communities, in Indonesia and Taiwan respectively. The actor network theory (ANT) initially studied the process of science and technology—which may provide a picture of “all of social life”. The ANT pays attention to the negative aspects, since each actor simultaneously belongs to several actor networks, and the translation is a process of negotiation between different actor networks. Social enterprises are directly involved in the production of goods or the provision of services to people on a continuous basis, which reflects the economic dimension of such initiatives.