Taiwanese Social Enterprises
This chapter provides an overview of the developmental course of social enterprises in Taiwan, and explores what social enterprise refers to and what the major factors that have contributed to the rise of social enterprises in Taiwan are. It proposes a typology of Taiwan’s social enterprises aims to elaborate the features and identifies the functions of the five major types of social enterprise. These include: work integration or affirmative businesses; local community-based social enterprises; social enterprises selling/providing social services and products; venture-capital businesses created for the benefit of non-profit organisations (NPO); and social cooperatives. Taiwan’s NPOs generally fall into two categories: associations, which are based on membership, and foundations, which have funds devoted to the pursuit of public interests or charitable purposes. The chapter focuses on the findings of 2006-2013 surveys, and analyses Taiwanese social enterprises from the point of view of their organisational characteristics, their management, their governance, the role of the government, and their social impact.