Marx, Lenin and Modern Revolutions 1
The influence of the ideas of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Lenin (1870–1924) on twentieth-century revolutions has been enormous. But the influence has not been entirely one way. The ideas of both Marx and Lenin have come to be interpreted in terms of the revolutions that have been made in their names and the revolutionary movements that have claimed a descent from them. A problem in understanding their ideas is that there is no way of knowing how Marx or Lenin would have responded to the revolutionary movements and actors of the past six decades who have acted in their names. Similarly, there are no ways of knowing what Marx would have thought of Lenin.