Including Everyone With Respectful Pluralism
The world is hurting and struggling to figure out how to have peace and civility in their daily life. This chapter reviews the concepts of cultural differences, followership, and respectful pluralism as ways to educate others about how to strive for respect of human dignity in all manners of life. The Cultural Dimensions Theory developed by Hofstede reviews power distance, individualism, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity, long-term orientation, and indulgence. Each of the six items reflects certain behaviors seen as consistent ethnic behavior. Once these six items are explained, it is easier to understand why certain people behave the way they do and how we can get along better. The pioneering efforts of Chaleff, Kellerman, Kelley, and other scholars are developing the Theory of Followership. Understanding followership in combination with cultural dimensions explains why we cannot stereotype if a certain people group will naturally be a certain type of follower, thus giving freedom to truly have equal opportunity for everyone. And the work of Hicks introduced respectful pluralism, where each and every single human being has value just as they are and the ultimate goal is to respect each person for the sake of human dignity.