This chapter addresses some of the major theoretical arguments against constitutional revision. In the minds of the Founding Fathers the possibility of constitutional revision was not to be restricted to catastrophic occasions of potential rebellion. In the political theories of the Founding Fathers the people were considered to be the constituent authority. A primary objective of US constitutional tradition is to secure personal rights against the power of the community as well as that of the state. A constitutional convention is a deliberative assembly: a place where elected delegates gather to discuss and reflect upon matters of fundamental importance to the whole society. The Constitution of 1787 established a system of government that, by the standards of the eighteenth century, was a remarkable achievement. It provided for the securing of liberty, the separation of powers, and a balanced distribution of national and local authority.