The creation or reinforcement of linkages between national technological infrastructures and the productive sector: The limited role of shared-risk financing programmes in Latin American countries
This chapter analyzes basic conceptions, objectives and functions of shared-risk financing programmes (SRP) in Latin American countries, in order to identify possible ways to make them more effective and instrumental for the linkage between national technological infrastructures and productive systems. It focuses on the role SRPs can play in effectively linking productive system organizations and technological infrastructure agents. A systemic perspective and establishment of several mechanisms which extrapolate the reach of SRPs is fundamental to facilitate the achievement of effective inter-organizational linkages. Both the relevance and need to establish inter-organizational linkages stem from the endogenous technological development model adopted in most Latin American countries, based on technological infrastructures created or promoted by national governments. The motivation of productive system organizations to engage in technological innovations is based mostly on profit and growth/institutional survival factors, where competition plays a significant role.