The Rural-Urban Nexus
Rural and urban places both share a connection with the local cultural heritage. In general, levels of rural-urban migration have been increasing as young people in particular, dissatisfied with the amenities, job prospects, general income levels, or other facets of life in rural areas, have been looking for alternatives, particularly in the largest cities. The international funding sources that used to help fill gaps have diminished with the end of the cold war and the emergence of endemic economic problems in the industrialized countries. The major sources of revenue, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, have establishes conditions for recipients known as Structural Adjustment Programs or SAPS. The spatial dimensions of peri-urban regions depends on a series of factors including the size and dynamism of the urban center as well as the physical, social, and access characteristics of region. The chapter also presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book.