Why Small and Intermediate Urban Centres?
All national government policies and policy advice given to Third World governments related to small and intermediate urban centres claim to have economic and social objectives. This chapter seeks to clarify what kinds of government policies on small and intermediate urban centres could increase the proportion of the national population with access to publicly provided social and physical services and with a more adequate and stable livelihood. It considers the extent to which special government policies on small and intermediate urban centres might contribute to other commonly stated spatial aims - such as slowing migration to major cities or existing concentrations of industry, or improving service provision to rural populations, or achieving 'better regional balance'. Despite the attention given by researchers to large cities and metropolitan areas, most of the Third World's inhabitants live outside urban centres with, 100,000 or more inhabitants.