Prologue: Constructed Social Organization
Primordial social organization has been broadly supplemented by spontaneous social organization. There is in modern society a structural change that underlies many of the social changes with which the conference was concerned. The birth-generated relations constitute the basis on which religious bodies grow, and both law and government in most traditional societies are not distinct from religious organization. This chapter argues that modern society could not exist without an extensive component of constructed social organization and that constructed social organization will be an even larger part of societies of the twenty-first century. Much of the theoretical work on social control is concerned with those control mechanisms characteristic of primordial social organization. Some of the solutions to problems of social control in constructed organization—beyond the simple answer of law enforced by policing—can be seen in formal organizations.