Social Aspects of Perestroika
In 1988 the process of restructuring in the Soviet Union– known to the West by the name perestroika—entered a new, second stage. The collective will elect enterprise managers, approve the plan of its economic and social development and collective contract, and adopt internal labor regulations. Indeed, changes in the structure of Soviet society in the 1960s and 1970s necessitated a rethinking of economic and social policies. Social scientists in the Soviet Union are presently engaged in the most lively and interesting theoretical discussions. The principles of new political thinking for international relations are based not on temporary or self-serving considerations, but on a deeply-rooted philosophical foundation. Improvements in the Soviet educational system must take into account one of the most interesting trends in contemporary culture: that toward continuing education. The restructuring of both Soviet life and international relations confronts numerous obstacles, including subjective ones.